Evelyn Boyd Granville

Granville was born in Washington D.C, on May 1st, 1924. Her parents, Julia and William Boyd, wanted the best for they're two daughters. After Julia and William got a divorce and Julia started working as an examiner at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Her father, William Boyd worked as a custodian and worked many other jobs in order to pay the bill. Granville spent her years in Washington D.C, but some summers she was sent, along with her sister, to a family friends farm in Linden Virginia. Her mother took care of her with help from her mothers sister, Doris Walker, who later helped pay for Granville to go to college.
Granville attended Dunbar High School, a segregated, public school. Her teachers were strict and taught her well. They encouraged her to enter college. Granville graduated valedictorian and with financial help from, Phi Delta Kappa, a national sorority for black women, attended Smith College freshman year. In 1945 she graduated Summa cum Laude. She graduated head of her class, Smith College recommended her toYale University, where she continued her studies. At Yale, Granville received an M.A. in mathematics and Physics her first year. The following two years she received a Julius Rosenwald Fellowship and an Atomic Energy Commission Predoctoral Fellowship. In 1949, Granville received her Ph. D. in mathematics. graduating year she was elected to the scientific honorary society, Sigma Xi.
In 1950, Granville became a professor at Fisk University. She taught at Fisk, for two years. July 1952, Granville was offered a position as a mathematician at a branch of NBS, (National Bureau of Standards) the Diamond Ordnance Fuze Laboratories (DOFL). Granville left DOFL to join IBM, a computer company. Granville, at IBM, was chosen out of a select few to be on a special team, that worked with NASA. Granville was part of NASA's Project Vanguard and Project Mercury. Granville wrote computer programs that tracked the path of the vehicles in space. Granville then left IBM and got married to Reverend Gamaliel Mansfield Collins. After the wedding, the Collins family moved to California, where Granville accepted a position in the staff of the Computation and Data Reduction Center of Space Technology Laboratories, here, she studied to orbit. In 1967, Granville and Collins filed a divorce and Granville went back to teaching at the California State University, in Los Angeles. while working in the math department she found it was lacking in really teaching the students. She then started a sumer program where she taught teachers, elementary to High school a new system of math that could help improve the children's math. From 1968 to 1969, Granville taught an elementary school supplement mathematics program called, the State of California's Miller Mathematics Improvement Program. she also taught grades two through five.
"As I look back now, I wonder how I was able to handle a full-time load at CSULA, and evening class at the University of Southern California and the elementary school classes. I guess I was happy in my work." (Granville, pg. 6)

1983, Granville retired, a sad day in the lives of many teachers. She also moved to Los Angeles where she met and married, Edward V. Granville, a real estate broker. During the marriage they moved to East Texas. Granville had traveled to Texas with Edward Granville many times and the move was imperative, since Edward wanted to move there once he retired. THey found a nice 16-acre home with a pond. Granville's retirement was, however, interrupted when a member of the Board of Education of the Van Independent School District, asked her about her experience in computer education. Granville had little experience in teaching at a public school, but took the job. Granville left the job during the year, because she couldn't handle the classes assigned to her. Once she left Van Independent School District, she was offered to join the faculty at Texas College. Texas College was a small, predominantly black college, in Tyler, Texas. Granville taught computer science, she hoever states:

" The three and one-half years I spent at Texas College provided me with as much education in computor science as I brought to the students" (Granville, pg 7)
1988-1989, Granville traveled the United States, but she soon returned to her roots and taught again. Granville says in her article, Life as a Mathematician, "I know now that retirement for me, is a long way off."



Granville is not known for changing math forever, but she did have so accomplishments that need to be recognized. Granville, in 1989, was awarded an honorary doctorate, making her the second black women to do so at an American institute. Granville also shared her love for math and her energy to accomplish things and talked to big organizations like, the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, and the American Association of University Women.

When asked to summarize her major accomplishments, Granville stated, "First of all, showing that women can do mathematics." Then she added, "Being an African American, letting people know that we do have brains too." (Black Women in Mathematics) ROW-OF-HEARTS.jpgROW-OF-HEARTS.jpgROW-OF-HEARTS.jpgROW-OF-HEARTS.jpgROW-OF-HEARTS.jpgROW-OF-HEARTS.jpgROW-OF-HEARTS.jpgROW-OF-HEARTS.jpgROW-OF-HEARTS.jpg

Interesting Fact

While doing research it was discovered that on the same year (1949) that Granville received her Ph. D. degree in mathematics, Dr. Marjorie Lee, also received her Ph.D. in Mathematics. Euphemia Haynes was the first black women to receive her Ph. D. in mathematics in 1943. Euphemia was the only black women to have a Ph. D. in mathematics for six years, and then in the same year, two women from two different schools receive they're Ph.D. being the second and third.

Granville also, while teaching at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, taught two black women, Dr. Vivienne Malone Mayes, and Dr. Etta Zuber Falconer. Both of these women went on to be the seventh and eleventh, African American women to receive they're Ph.D's in Mathematics.