QPythagoras By Lewis Frame
A very important figure in the math world to this day is Pythagoras. He revolutionized the math world with his theorem. Pythagoras was estimated to be born around the year 569 BC. There is very little that s known about the geniuses childhood and early years. The only outstanding physical trait that is known about Pythagoras is that he has a large birthmark that is located on his thigh area. It is thought by some people that Pythagoras has two brothers and other historians contradict that he has three brothers.
A very influential teacher on Pythagoras’s path to mathematic greatness was Pherekydes who was believed to be the one of the soul keys to Pythagoras’s mathematic success. When Pythagoras was estimated to be around the age of 18 or 19 he went to the town Miletus where he learned very briefly with two great philosophers. The philosophers were Thales and his mentor Anaximander. Even though he got the chance to meet these great philosophers, he did not learn a lot of information and skills from these to mathematical minds. Even though he did not learn very much from these people he was lectured on geometry and cosmology.
Pythagoras then took a long trip Egypt for a new start. His hometown of Samos was seized by the tyrant Polycrates and he did not want to go back to Samos. It was known that Pythagoras spent a lot of his time in Egypt visiting temples and talking to priest. Pythagoras was trying to get priesthood at many of the temples. He was denied at everyone except for the temple at Diospolis. In the year 525 BC the king of Persia at the time and one ally of Persia had invaded Egypt and the whole country fell almost without a fight. During this war Pythagoras was imprisoned and was then taken to Babylon for imprisonment.
In the year of 520 BC Pythagoras was left out of prison because of two superior army commanders dying for the Persian army and the ruler of Persia dying shortly before. He then returned to his homeland of Samos. The man that had originally invaded Samos and died but his successor Darius was still ruling the land. Other people state that Polycrates was still in control when Pythagoras returned. After being in Samos, Pythagoras decided to take a trip to Crete. He went there to exanimate a system of laws that was there at the time.
Pythagoras then returned to Samos and opened a small school called Semicircle. He was criticized by many people from the school for his teaching methods. He then left Samos and trekked to Southern Italy about in about the year 518 BC. When he arrived in Italy he started another school based on philosophy and religion. The school happened to be well liked and Pythagoras had many followers himself. Pythagoras joined a society in Croton called the Mathematikoi. Although they lived with the rest of the people they were believed to be vegetarians and to also not have any personal possessions. Many of the people in this society were taught by Pythagoras and went by many very strict rules.
Of all of the work that Pythagoras had done over his years, none of it is recorded. It is not really known exactly what was taught at his schools because they learned in a circle of secrecy. Since Pythagoras had many followers there many people actually recording what he taught but Pythagoras himself never recorded anything about his findings. So many people distinguish their work with Pythagoras’s. Without these followers we would not have known anything about his revolutionary math changes in the world. It seemed to these people that Pythagoras was interested in the large principles of Mathematics like the concept of numbers and the concept of a triangle.
In Pythagoras’s mind, numbers were the essence of all things in life and for life. In this thinking, he compare numbers with colors and virtues and he would connect numbers with many other ideas that he had. In Pythagoras’s day he believed that the Earth was a spherical object but he also believed that the planets had moved on their own directions and ways which was then disproven by the Copernican theory of the universe. He also had beiliefs of many philosophers in that time period.
In Pythagoras’s widely known theorem which is called the Pythagorean Theorem he stated one thing. The square of the length of the hypotenuse in a right triangle equals the sum of the squares of the lengths of the two sides. Also, the square of a number is the number multiplied by it (World Book p.921). The Hypotenuse is
the side opposite of the right angle in a triangle. The formula of the Theorem is written as c₂=a₂+b₂.

In the formula, c is the length of the hypotenuse and b and a is the length of the other two sides of the right triangle. The reason for this discovery was because the Egyptians wanted fields with square corners that are 90 degrees. With the primitive math tools that people had in that time period. They were also trying to make a 90 degree angle. In the Pythagorean Theorem, there is known to be many Geometric proofs from many people. The Pythagoreans had created a proof to this Theorem. No one to this day knows the which proof that Pythagoras’s man created.
After his Theorem Pythagoras was estimated to die around the date of 475 BC and no one really know’s what killed the great philosopher. Most estimate that it was old age. It changed many things in the math world in his life. He also went many different places and traveled worldwide. For some aspects math would not be what it is without Pythagoras.